A cataract is a clouding of the natural clear lens of the eye. The lens allows light to pass from the front of the eye to the retina to create a clear image. When a cataract forms, light passing through this lens is increasingly blocked and scattered by opacities.
Cataracts are commonly associated with ageing. Most people will suffer some level of cataracts throughout their lifetime which may or may not require surgery. Exposure to Ultra Violet light also contributes to the formation of cataracts. A cataract is non-infectious and rarely hereditary.
Symptoms of Cataract
Common symptoms of a cataract can include:
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light (glare)
- Reduced night vision
Diagnosis of Cataract
If you have any of the above symptoms, a visit to your optometrist or eye specialist is warranted. A comprehensive check can determine whether there is formation of cataract.
Treatment of Cataract
Your optometrist or eye specialist will advise you on advantages and disadvantages of cataract surgery. A cataract is removed through a minor surgical day procedure
Sometimes, removing your cataract can reduce your dependence on glasses.
Take Home Message
Wear sunglasses to prevent premature cataract. If you are between the age of 50 to 80 book in here for a cataract assessment